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D​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ESCRIPTIVE AND ANALYTIC EPIDEMIOLOGY Assignment – 2 pages

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D​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​ESCRIPTIVE AND ANALYTIC EPIDEMIOLOGY
Assignment – 2 pages
Descriptive epidemiology is used to evaluate trends in health and disease and to be able to make comparisons among the population and subgroups within countries; and to provide a basis for planning, provision, and evaluation of services.
As a health officer, you have been asked to collect information to characterize and summarize tuberculosis epidemic in your state.
Write a paper in which you do the following:
1. Discuss the pattern and distribution of the disease in the population of your state as well as subgroups within the state.
2. What recommendations would you make to your administrator based on your findings?
3. Describe the basic types of epidemiologic study designs that are used to test hypotheses, identify associations and establish causation.
Be sure you support essay with evidence from the literature.
Background
Carneiro, I. & Howard, N. (2011). Introduction to epidemiology (2nd ed). Open University Press: New York, NY. ISBN: 9780335244621 – attached
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2012). Lesson 1: Introducti​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​on to Epidemiology, Section 6: Descriptive Epidemiology. Principles of epidemiology in public health practice (3rd ed.), pp. 1-31. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Atlanta, GA. https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/lesson1/section6.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Descriptive and analytic studies [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/healthprotection/fetp/training_modules/19/desc-and-analytic-studies_ppt_final_09252013.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d). E-learning course – Introduction to public health surveillance. https://www.cdc.gov/publichealth101/documents/introduction-to-surveillance.pdf
Optional Reading
MacNeil A, Glaziou P, Sismanidis C, Date A, Maloney S, Floyd K. (2020). Global Epidemiology of Tuberculosis and Progress Toward Meeting Global Targets—Worldwide, 2018. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69:281-285. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6911a2
WHO. (2018). World malaria report at a glance. https://www.who.int/malaria/media/world-malaria-report-2​‌‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍‌‌‌‌‌‌​018/en/

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